Do urban soundscapes influence visual attention?
AbstractAn empirically validated behavioral measure was used to assess whether urban soundscapes have an influence on visual attention. 68 undergraduate students at Ryerson University were recruited for participation. Participants were randomly assigned to one of three exposure conditions, concurrent, prolonged, and brief. Participants in the concurrent condition heard the soundscapes continuously, making a visual judgment while the soundscape played. For each participant, a local bias estimate was determined for each soundscape by subtracting global from local reaction time (RT). Local bias estimates were subjected to a 3-way analysis of variance. A main effect of soundscape is found, which suggests that the influence of the soundscapes assessed is variable. local bias estimates are found to be significantly correlated with subjective variables.
Copyright on articles is held by the author(s). The corresponding author has the right to grant on behalf of all authors and does grant on behalf of all authors, a worldwide exclusive licence (or non-exclusive license for government employees) to the Publishers and its licensees in perpetuity, in all forms, formats and media (whether known now or created in the future)
i) to publish, reproduce, distribute, display and store the Contribution;
ii) to translate the Contribution into other languages, create adaptations, reprints, include within collections and create summaries, extracts and/or, abstracts of the Contribution;
iii) to exploit all subsidiary rights in the Contribution,
iv) to provide the inclusion of electronic links from the Contribution to third party material where-ever it may be located;
v) to licence any third party to do any or all of the above.