Perception of Emotion in Music by Hearing-Impaired and Hearing-Aided Listeners
Recent research suggests that hearing impairment adversely affects processing of emotion in speech and that hearing aids can restore some but not all of the deficit (e.g., Schmidt et al., 2015). The current study sought to investigate whether similar patterns of deficit exist for perception of emotion in music. Hearing impaired, hearing-aided and normal listeners were asked to make forced-choice emotion responses for 50 15-sec musical excerpts. The excerpts were drawn from a prior study (Eerola, Vuoskoski, 2010), in which excerpts were validated to be representative of 5 target emotions (anger, fear, happy, sad, tender). Results showed that normal hearing listeners outperformed hearing impaired as well as hearing aided listeners and that overall performance in hearing impaired and hearing aided listeners was not differentiable. Follow-up regression analyses will assess performance with respect to audiometric data and differences from fitting targets (NAL-NL2). Confusions matrices will also be considered in order to provide insight into the source of the music emotion deficit.
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