Acoustic measurements of the two-layer exchange flow in the Strait of Istanbul
AbstractAcoustical measurement techniques were used to study the two-layer exchange flow in the Bosphorus. The vertical resolution of the ADCP measurements is sufficient to clearly define the depth of the interface. The number of missing bins both at the surface and at the bottom is small. This is an important prerequisite for an accurate determination of the layer transports and the change of the layer transports along the channel . The latter will allow us to estimate the amount of mixing and entrainment as a function of position in the Bosphorus. This is currently being undertaken. The echo-sounder images reveal interesting details about the structure of the flow. Hence they can be used to identify regions of intense mixing and entrainment across the interface and, even more important, they can give insight into the physical processes that occur in the flow.
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