Localization of right whales using matched correlation processing


  • Gordon R. Ebbeson DRDC Atlantic, 9 Grove St., Dartmouth, NS B2Y 3Z7, Canada
  • Francine Desharnais DRDC Atlantic, 9 Grove St., Dartmouth, NS B2Y 3Z7, Canada


Acoustic signal processing, Computer simulation, Hydrophones, Light reflection, Mathematical models, Underwater structures, Broadband sources, Matched Correlation Processing (MCP), Underwater sources


The use of Matched Correlation Processing (MCP) for the localization of right whales was demonstrated. Model-based MCP techniques have been researched with the goal of improving the capability of passive sonar systems for localizing quiet underwater sources. The cross-correlations for a broadband source as measured with a pair of hydrophones in a horizontal array are matched with those generated with a correlation model for many candidate ranges and depth along a candidate bearing. These matches are carried out with a number of hydrophone pairs to form many range-depth ambiguity surfaces. A three-sensor horizontal array with an aperture of 125 m was deployed on the sea bottom in 68 m of water and the hydrophones were localized using an Array Element Localization (AEL) procedure. A light bulb was imploded at a depth of 41.5 m from hydrophone. Using light bulbs as simulated right whale gunshots, the technique was shown to work extremely well out to a range of about six water depths in an environment that has sufficient bottom reflections.

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How to Cite

Ebbeson GR, Desharnais F. Localization of right whales using matched correlation processing. Canadian Acoustics [Internet]. 2006 Sep. 1 [cited 2024 Jul. 13];34(3):70-1. Available from: https://jcaa.caa-aca.ca/index.php/jcaa/article/view/1826



Proceedings of the Acoustics Week in Canada

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