A review of noise impacts from offshore oil-gas production activities on the marine biota
Keywords:Fish, Mammals, Marine biology, Natural resources exploration, Noise pollution, Production, Stress analysis, Behavioral changes, Communication problems
AbstractA review on marine noise that originates from vessel traffic, oil-gas exploration activities, machinery and propeller noise, research activities, military sonar, and dredging are discussed. Some of the impacts from marine noise pollution include, egg-larvae mortality, feeding and breeding problem, stress, damage of tissue and organs, masking, hearing loss, behavioral changes, and communication problem. Noise pollution affects marine mammals and fish to experience pathological effects, behavioral changes, and feeding-mating- breeding-nursing disruptions. Long term monitoring is vital for critical and sensitive species in areas of concern such as restricted migratory routes, spawning area, feeding-breeding-nursing grounds, and resting places. A multidisciplinary study was undertaken by the US Navy to develop a software by integrating expertise from acoustics, oceanographic modeling, marine mammal biology, oceanography, naval operations, and environmental compliance for simulating animal movement.
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