Dentals are grave
AbstractA study has investigated certain auditorily based sound changes and assimilations, obtained by adjusting the definition of the feature [grave], and concomitant adjustments to the classification of segments. Dentals are considered [acute] in all Jakobsian taxonomy et sequentes, while their noise energy and their involvement in [flat] enhancement and assimilation suggest instead that they are [grave]. The study has argued that the Jakobsian feature [grave] does not require a predominance of low-frequency noise, but rather requires that the noise below 2.5 kHz is 'sufficiently audible' owing to a lack of predominance of high-frequency noise. This effectively extends the reach of the feature, since all the noisy sounds, which were classed as [grave] under the original definition are notably labials and velars. The study also highlighted that non-sibilant dentals too are [grave] as their noise energy is similar to that of labials.
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