'I said made (mate?)': Catalan/spanish bilinguals' production of english word-final obstruents

Natalia Fullana, Ian R. A. MacKay


The potential effects of age of onset of L2 learning and exposure to English on the production of the voicing contrast in English word-final obstruents by Catalan/Spanish bilingual learners of English in a formal learning context was investigated. English /p b t d s z/ were elicited in two different words each embedded in the carrier phrase 'I said of a delayed sentence repetition task. The minidialogues comprising the task were modeled by two taped British E-NS voices. Acoustic measurements of vowel, closure phase, and fricative duration were made using spectrographic and oscillographic displays in Praat. The low-energy period during the closure phase of stops until the release burst defined the closure duration of stops. Fricative duration was measured from the beginning to the end of the typical high-energy profile. It was observed that the E-NSs produced vowels preceding voiced stops with longer mean duration than vowels preceding voiceless stops.

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