L2 english vowel learning by mandarin speakers: Does perception precede production?
AbstractA study was conducted to investigate the relationship between L2 English vowel identification and production by adult L1 Mandarin immigrants to Canada. The study used fourteen female and eight male Standard Mandarin speakers as the participants. The participants were instructed to hear the stimuli through headphones and click on nautical flags presented on the computer screen. The study analyzed L2 production responses using F1, F2, and F3 measures from 20% and 70% of each vowel token's duration. It was observed during the study that the mean identification score for /ae/ was lower than the mean production score, while the mean identification score for /u/ was higher than its mean production scores. The study also found that the perception and production of L2 English vowels develop simultaneously.
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