Wind-Induced Noise of Architectural Perforated Plates


  • Paul Vanoostveen McMaster University
  • Samir Ziada


Perforated plates are a popular architectural feature found on the outside faces of buildings. These plates are known to produce flow-induced noise when exposed to high winds. While this noise is generally broadband, for certain plate geometries, flow velocities, and angles of incidence, highly tonal noise is produced, the level of which can be much higher than that of the broadband noise. This is an irritant for inhabitants of the building and the surrounding area and may lead to costly retrofitting to eliminate the problem.

Many studies can be found in the literature for flow over perforated plates at a parallel or perpendicular direction. However, the literature is very limited with regards to flow over perforated plates at oblique angles of incidence. For architectural applications, the direction of the wind is naturally unpredictable, so the effect of different angles of incidence is an important consideration.

As a preliminary investigation, a simplified model of a perforated plate is used. The circular holes of a typical perforated plate are replaced by a series of long rectangular slats with an adjustable gap width between them. This simplified model is studied experimentally in a wind tunnel for various angles of incidence and flow velocities. The acoustic response is studied using microphone measurements, and flow visualization is done using particle image velocimetry. It is found that tonal noise is produced for angles of incidence of 5 to 30 degrees from parallel. The Strouhal number of these tones agrees well with those produced by a perforated plate. Outside of this range of angles, the noise is broadband. The flow visualization reveals that this tonal noise is caused by the periodic shedding and impingement of vortices on the downstream edge of the holes.

Author Biography

Paul Vanoostveen, McMaster University

Paul Vanoostveen is a Master of Applied Scence student in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario. His research interest is in the area of aeroacoustics.




How to Cite

Vanoostveen P, Ziada S. Wind-Induced Noise of Architectural Perforated Plates. Canadian Acoustics [Internet]. 2017 Aug. 15 [cited 2021 Dec. 8];45(3):32-3. Available from:



Proceedings of the Acoustics Week in Canada