TRADING DECIBELS: OVERVIEW OF A CAP AND TRADE REGULATORY FRAMEWORK FOR NOISE EMISSIONS
Over the past few decades, cap and trade regulatory programs have demonstrated success at reducing regulated pollutants and their consequences, such as acid rain and ground-level ozone. Could cap and trade programs also achieve similar success in reducing industrial noise as a pollutant? This paper explores that possibility, outlining the feasibility and challenges.
In the same way that air pollutants from multiple emitters combine within an airshed, noise from multiple industrial facilities combines and imposes cumulative impacts upon far-field receivers (residences, people). Just as air pollutants are regulated at both the source (command and control limits) and after dispersion (ambient air quality standards), so is noise (OH&S standards for working in proximity to noisy equipment, and bylaws or similar regulations for cumulative noise levels in the ambient environment). The similarities certainly make the prospect of a cap and trade regulatory program for noise appear to be feasible and worthy of further evaluation.
A cap and trade program for industrial noise could offer facility operators a means to identify a greater number of optimized compliance solutions for reducing regulated noise. In turn, this offers more options to maximize a facility’s margin of compliance, reduce compliance risk, reduce noise control project costs, and reinforce the facility’s social license to operate. In this paper, the authors offer their perspectives, an illustrative example, views of challenges and opportunities, and suggestions for such a regulatory program that could benefit facility operators, the environment, and society as a whole.
How to Cite
Copyright on articles is held by the author(s). The corresponding author has the right to grant on behalf of all authors and does grant on behalf of all authors, a worldwide exclusive licence (or non-exclusive license for government employees) to the Publishers and its licensees in perpetuity, in all forms, formats and media (whether known now or created in the future)
i) to publish, reproduce, distribute, display and store the Contribution;
ii) to translate the Contribution into other languages, create adaptations, reprints, include within collections and create summaries, extracts and/or, abstracts of the Contribution;
iii) to exploit all subsidiary rights in the Contribution,
iv) to provide the inclusion of electronic links from the Contribution to third party material where-ever it may be located;
v) to licence any third party to do any or all of the above.