Measurements in the Open and Closed Ear Canal: Comparison Between Different Artificial Head Concepts

Authors

  • Véronique Zimpfer ISL, Institut de recherche Franco-Allemand de St Louis, FR
  • Cyril Blondé-Weinmann ISL, Institut de recherche Franco-Allemand de St Louis, FR
  • Pascal Hamery ISL, Institut de recherche Franco-Allemand de St Louis, FR
  • Thomas Joubaud ISL, Institut de recherche Franco-Allemand de St Louis, FR
  • Franck Sgard IRSST, CA

Abstract

A specific artificial head dedicated to the study of hearing protection was designed by the IRSST and the ETS (Ref). This head was fabricated from medical images (MRI) of a human participant and allows for the transmission of sound by bone and cartilage conduction to be taken into account in order to study the occlusion effect of earplugs. The bony structure of the skull and the cartilage of the ear are covered with a soft material of varying thickness in order to reproduce all the human soft tissues (skin, muscle and fat). The objective of this study is to evaluate the ability of this artificial head at capturing the structure and airborne transmission when the ears are open or occluded by a premolded earplug. This is achieved by carrying out several acoustic measurements using a microphone probe inserted into the open and occluded ear canal and comparing them with those made using standard artificial heads and 3 volunteer subjects. The standard artificial head (manufactured by the ISL) is fitted with two external ears, different in terms of shape and material hardness. With an electrodynamic transducer, we measure the occlusion effect and the propagation velocity between the transducer and the probe. We then evaluate the open ear transfer function and an earplug insertion loss in a diffuse field. Results show, in particular, that the specific artificial head gives a realistic occlusion effect, but the measured earplug attenuation is close to zero at low frequencies. The insertion loss of the standard head’s softer ear better corresponds to the measurements on the volunteers.

Additional Files

Published

2023-10-09

How to Cite

1.
Zimpfer V, Blondé-Weinmann C, Hamery P, Joubaud T, Sgard F. Measurements in the Open and Closed Ear Canal: Comparison Between Different Artificial Head Concepts. Canadian Acoustics [Internet]. 2023 Oct. 9 [cited 2024 Jul. 20];51(3):100-1. Available from: https://jcaa.caa-aca.ca/index.php/jcaa/article/view/4030

Issue

Section

Proceedings of the Acoustics Week in Canada

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