Hierarchical nonstationarity in a class of doubly stochastic models with application to automatic speech recognition

Authors

  • L. Deng Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Waterloo Univ., Ont., Canada

Keywords:

speech recognition, stochastic processes, automatic speech recognition, hierarchical nonstationarity, speech signals, doubly stochastic process models, global nonstationarity, underlying Markov chain, statistics, output data-generation process models, speech data, standard HMM, single-level nonstationarity

Abstract

Introduces the concept of two-level (global and local) hierarchical nonstationarity for describing the complex, elastic, and highly dynamic nature of speech signals. A general class of doubly stochastic process models are developed to implement this concept. In this class of models, the global nonstationarity is embodied through an underlying Markov chain (or any other scheme capable of providing nonlinear time warping mechanisms) which governs the evolution of the parameters in a set of output stochastic processes. The local nonstationarity is realized by assuming state-conditioned, time-varying first and second order statistics in the output data-generation process models. To provide practical algorithms for speech recognition which allow the model parameters to be reliably estimated, the local nonstationarity is represented in a parametric form. Simulation results demonstrated close fitting of the model to the actual speech data. Results from speech recognition experiments provided evidence for the effectiveness of the model in comparison with the standard HMM, which is a degenerated case-with single-level nonstationarity-of the proposed model

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Published

1991-09-01

How to Cite

1.
Deng L. Hierarchical nonstationarity in a class of doubly stochastic models with application to automatic speech recognition. Canadian Acoustics [Internet]. 1991 Sep. 1 [cited 2021 Oct. 24];19(4):113-4. Available from: https://jcaa.caa-aca.ca/index.php/jcaa/article/view/695

Issue

Section

Proceedings of the Acoustics Week in Canada

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