Accounting for musicians' superior auditory serial-order identification: audition or notation?
Keywords:hearing, musical acoustics, musicians, auditory serial-order identification, audition, notation, sequential patterns
AbstractShort-term memory for sequences of tones is typically better for listeners who have had musical training than for listeners who lack such training (e.g. Cohen, Trehub & Thorpe, 1989). It would seem that superior auditory skill would account for the musicians' advantage. However, several experiments in which listeners match visual patterns to short auditory sequences (e.g., Parncutt & Cohen, in preparation) suggest that facility with a notation system may be an important factor. Since there is no definitive answer as to whether the musicians' superiority for auditory serial-order identification is due to audition or to familiarity with notation, the present study examines various possibilities by presenting subjects with both visual and auditory cues to aid recognition of sequential patterns
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