Conversational speech intensity under different noise conditions in hypophonia and parkinson's disease

Authors

  • Scott Adams School of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Western Ontario, London, Ont. N6G 1H1, Canada
  • Allyson Dykstra Doctoral Program in Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Western Ontario, London, Ont. N6G 1H1, Canada
  • Kayla Abrams School of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Western Ontario, London, Ont. N6G 1H1, Canada
  • Jennifer Winnell School of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Western Ontario, London, Ont. N6G 1H1, Canada
  • Mary Jenkins Department of Clinical Neurological Sciences, University of Western Ontario, London, Ont. N6G 1H1, Canada
  • Mandar Jog Department of Clinical Neurological Sciences, University of Western Ontario, London, Ont. N6G 1H1, Canada

Keywords:

Acoustic noise, Acoustic variables measurement, Acoustic waves, Control systems, Diseases, Research and development management, Hypophonia, Speech intensity, Stimulus presentation

Abstract

The three types of background noise on conversational speech intensity in individuals with hyperphonia and Parkinson's Diseases (PD), are discussed. Researces on PD subjects show that a Lombard relationship exists along with the control subject that may be related to a number of factors such as the severity of hypophonia, the type of background noise, the noise levels, the speech tasks, and the method of stimulus presentation. The subjects with PD are stabilized on their anti-Parisian medication and are tested at about one hour after their regular medication. Two separate two-factors repeated measures ANOVAs are used to examine the effects of each noise type on speech intensity. For each noise type, the group x noise level interaction is insignificant that reveals very few significant differences. The positive relationship between speech intensity and background noise is approximately parallel to that of controls.

Published

2006-09-01

How to Cite

1.
Adams S, Dykstra A, Abrams K, Winnell J, Jenkins M, Jog M. Conversational speech intensity under different noise conditions in hypophonia and parkinson’s disease. Canadian Acoustics [Internet]. 2006Sep.1 [cited 2021Jun.22];34(3):96-7. Available from: https://jcaa.caa-aca.ca/index.php/jcaa/article/view/1839

Issue

Section

Proceedings of the Acoustics Week in Canada