The association between speaker-dependent formant space estimates and perceived vowel quality
Keywords:Estimation, Experiments, Students, Alberta, Canadian english, Testing phase, Training methods, Vowel sounds
AbstractDifferences in speaker-dependent formant space estimates is discussed in terms of differing FF-scaling estimates. In the experiment, listeners were first trained to report apparent speaker FF-scaling using the training method outlined in Barreda & Nearey. 25 native speakers of Canadian English from the University of Alberta were drawn from a participant pool in which undergraduate linguistics students take part in experiments in exchange for partial course credit. During the testing phase, listeners were presented with fully-randomized, isolated-vowel stimuli. 18% of the variance in reported FF-scaling is found, with F1 accounting for 67.8%, 10 accounting for 28.1%, and F3 accounting for only 0.2% of the explained variance. Results show that FF-scaling has a significant negative effect on vowel openness, showing that for a given vowel sound, when listeners reported a higher FF-scaling, they were less likely to hear an open vowel.
How to Cite
Copyright on articles is held by the author(s). The corresponding author has the right to grant on behalf of all authors and does grant on behalf of all authors, a worldwide exclusive licence (or non-exclusive license for government employees) to the Publishers and its licensees in perpetuity, in all forms, formats and media (whether known now or created in the future)
i) to publish, reproduce, distribute, display and store the Contribution;
ii) to translate the Contribution into other languages, create adaptations, reprints, include within collections and create summaries, extracts and/or, abstracts of the Contribution;
iii) to exploit all subsidiary rights in the Contribution,
iv) to provide the inclusion of electronic links from the Contribution to third party material where-ever it may be located;
v) to licence any third party to do any or all of the above.