Can age related declines in sensory processing alter the nature of multisensory integration in the presence ofenergeticand informational masking?

Authors

  • M. Avivi-Reich Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Mississauga, Canada Centre For TResearch on Biological Communication Systems, Canada
  • K. Puka Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Mississauga, Canada Centre For TResearch on Biological Communication Systems, Canada
  • B.A. Schneider Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Mississauga, Canada Centre For TResearch on Biological Communication Systems, Canada

Keywords:

Audition, Age-related, Auditory-visual, Informational masking, Multisensory integration, Normal hearing, Older adults, Psychometric function, Sensory processing

Abstract

A study was conducted to address the possible effects of age and type of masker on auditory visual speech perception. Twenty-four younger and 24 older adults with normal hearing and normal or corrected vision participated in these experiments. The participants were asked to repeat semantically anomalous target sentences with 3 keywords spoken by a female talker. Each masker type and condition combination was played at four Signal to Noise Ratios (SNR) levels, and for each individual, the dB SNR corresponding to his or her 50%-correct performance threshold computed from their individual psychometric functions along with the functions' slopes. The results suggest that younger and older adults have comparable thresholds in noise but that older adults have higher thresholds than younger adults when the masker is either babble or speech. An ANOVA found significant main.

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Published

2012-09-01

How to Cite

1.
Avivi-Reich M, Puka K, Schneider B. Can age related declines in sensory processing alter the nature of multisensory integration in the presence ofenergeticand informational masking?. Canadian Acoustics [Internet]. 2012 Sep. 1 [cited 2021 Oct. 18];40(3):106-7. Available from: https://jcaa.caa-aca.ca/index.php/jcaa/article/view/2561

Issue

Section

Proceedings of the Acoustics Week in Canada