Validation of a Finite Element Code for a Continuum Model of Vocal Fold Vibration Under the Influence of a Sessile Polyp
Vocal fold vibration has been extensively investigated using numerical simulation through the use of lumped element models, and more recently, through the use of finite element continuum models. Finite element models offer the ability to analyze the effects of detailed and complex geometric models, allowing for the study of the influence of pathologies and phonosurgery on the process of phonation. The present study details the development of a finite element code of vocal fold vibration and a continuum model of a vocal fold with a sessile polyp. The capability of the code to capture major structural vibration trends are illustrated through a validation process, wherein previously explored models are replicated, and computed results are sub- sequently compared to gauge the code’s efficacy. An overview of literature pertinent to the modeling of vocal fold polyps is presented, followed by the discussion of the creation of a continuum model of a vocal fold affected by a sessile polyp. This pathological model is parameterized according to the size and position of the polyp, and trends are explored based on varying these parameters. Polyp size is concluded to have a more profound influence on the fundamental frequency of vibration than position. An inversely proportional relationship is found between polyp size and fundamental frequency, as well as proximity to the anterior-posterior surface and fundamental frequency.
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