Guidelines for New Development in Proximity to Railway Operations
Development in close proximity to railway operations has the potential to create myriad negative effects – noise and vibration for the future homeowners are top of the list in terms of potential impact to the enjoyment of one’s property. In 2003, the Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM) and the Railway Association of Canada (RAC) entered into a partnership to develop common approaches to the prevention and resolution of issues arising from new residential development in proximity to rail operations. In 2013, the working group released their “Guidelines for New Development in Proximity to Railway Operations”.
Based on the FCM/RAC document, this paper summarizes the potential noise and vibration proximity issues and examines the analysis and prediction techniques employed in various jurisdictions in Canada. The legislation (Federal, Provincial, and Municipal) which exists in Canada governing the various elements of the planning and development process is reviewed. Lastly, the various approaches to mitigation which can be employed to reduce the potential for noise and vibration impacts are explored.
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