Influence of the Scattering Effect on Acoustic Image Obtained with a Spherical Microphone Array
AbstractLongterm exposure to noise in the workplace can lead hearing loss and other psychosocial effects. Among the most effective noise reduction methods is to apply efforts directly at the source. To do so, each source must be characterized by their spatial location and contribution. In the workplace, a Spherical Microphone Array (SMA) can be used. When the microphones are held on a wireframe structure or on thin rods, the SMA is considered acoustically transparent, and the Conventional Beamforming in the Frequency domain (CBF) algorithm can be used. The CBF, however, does not compensate for the scattering effect of a diffracting object. On the other hand, rigid SMAs are usually made of a solid sphere with flush-mounted microphones and may scatter the acoustic waves. Although the literature has shown the advantages of using a rigid SMA with the spherical harmonics decomposition, the influence of the scattering effect on the acoustic image when not accounted for remains under-examined. This study aims to assess the influence of the uncompensated scattering effects on acoustic images obtained with a SMA. Images obtained with a rigid SMA are compared to those obtained from a theoretical perfectly transparent SMA using the CBF. First, a spherical wave field is simulated using a finite element analysis model to generate the microphone signals for both SMAs. Then, the images are generated using the CBF and three image quality criteria are used to assess the scattering effects, i.e., the ellipse area ratio, the mainlobe-to-sidelobe ratio and the mainlobe level. Results show that the influence of the scattering effect, if not corrected, will reduce the width of the mainlobe and amplify the level of the sidelobes. The effect on the estimated source level is not significant in this case.
How to Cite
Copyright on articles is held by the author(s). The corresponding author has the right to grant on behalf of all authors and does grant on behalf of all authors, a worldwide exclusive licence (or non-exclusive license for government employees) to the Publishers and its licensees in perpetuity, in all forms, formats and media (whether known now or created in the future)
i) to publish, reproduce, distribute, display and store the Contribution;
ii) to translate the Contribution into other languages, create adaptations, reprints, include within collections and create summaries, extracts and/or, abstracts of the Contribution;
iii) to exploit all subsidiary rights in the Contribution,
iv) to provide the inclusion of electronic links from the Contribution to third party material where-ever it may be located;
v) to licence any third party to do any or all of the above.