Experimental study of propeller-aircraft run-up noise

P. Germain, J. Guo, M. Hodgson


Measurements were made of the characteristics of the noise radiated by a Beechcraft 1900D twin-propeller aircraft during engine run-up. The objective was to determine the feasibility of controlling this noise using active noise control. Total noise levels varied with aircraft heading from 103 to 112 dB (100 to 109 dBA) at 73 m from the aircraft. Noise directivity plots were generated. Levels at the nearest community 3 km away varied from 74 to 77 dB (62 to 66 dBA). Near the aircraft the noise spectra comprised a series of equally-high peaks at the 112-Hz fundamental frequency and its multiples. In the community, the three lowest peaks dominated the A-weighted spectrum, with higher-frequency peaks being progressively attenuated. A coherence analysis was performed on the noises measured at 73 m and 98 m from the aircraft. The insertion loss of a blast fence near the run-up area was estimated from run-up noise measurements made on both sides of the fence. The insertion loss varied from 4 to 13 dB and was greatest at mid frequencies.


Acoustic noise measurement; Aircraft engines; Aircraft propellers; Frequencies; Active noise control; Coherence analysis

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