Noise Mapping of an Educational Environment
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to perform computer-assisted noise mapping of an educational environment. The computer simulations were performed using SoundPLAN software. An analysis of the acoustic maps generated by the simulations indicates that contributions to the noise levels found on the campus originate mostly from three streets on campus, as well as from the roads surrounding the outer perimeter – the Green Line and the BR-277 highway. The computer-generated acoustic maps show that the noise levels within the campus exceed the limit of Leq = 50 dB(A) established for educational areas, according to the Brazilian standard for noise assessment in communities. Therefore, the noise maps indicate a critical situation of noise pollution on campus. However, despite this negative and concerning situation of noise pollution, the acoustic maps also reveal several “islands of acoustic tranquility” on campus. These “islands” can be observed adjacent to buildings where sound levels range from 45 to 48 dB(A) and from 48 to 51 dB(A), which are indicated in green tones on the acoustic maps.
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